Seneca 塞內卡詩歌分享

國立臺北大學中國文學學生David Ziantoni (羅馬)

羅馬元老Seneca乃其中一個最著名的斯多葛學派(Stoic)的代表人物。斯多葛學派常常與犬儒學派(Cynics)混淆。

Cynic與Stoic的分別在於,同樣地在現狀不能改變的情況下,選擇退隱至私人領域,還是仍然參與公共生活呢?兩群想法相似既人,係以行動來區分。

中文成語「明哲保身」本來係stoic,指擇善固執,但易被犬儒化為「各家自掃門前雪」。

重提Seneca的重要就在於,揭示在黑暗年代帶領逆境中的社會運動,注定是有辱無榮,從政者可以如何自處﹖被流放,可算是羅馬人其中一種最嚴厲的懲罰了。Seneca為被流放的日子,寫下以下的句子︰

Non patria mihi interdicitur, sed locus. In quamcumque terram venio, in meam venio. —…

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